THE HIGHLIGHTS OF THE TOUR
01. BOLSHOI THEATER
We are on Teatralnaya Square (it means the Theater Square). In front of us stands the imposing classical facade of the Bolshoi Theater that became the world-known symbol of classical ballet. We will also learn why two Bolshoi theatres were built close to each other, and you will see more theatres on the same square; in total, they are four! It is a "theatre's square". We will cross the extensive Okhotny Riad Avenue ("Hunter's raw) to see the monument to Karl Marx in front of which the supporters of the Communist Party meet, sometimes rare in any case.
02. THE MANEJNAYA SQUARE
The Moscow riding school, a neoclassical building from 1830 after the Napoleonic war, was used to train imperial horse guards: today, it's an art exhibition hall. The square is framed by an imposing building constructed in the so-called Soviet imperial style, the "Moskva" hotel. From here, we will continue to the central street of Moscow Tverskaia Street: the "Neo-Russian" style red brick building is the State Museum of History. We will then reach the Red Square passing through the arch of the medieval towers and the walls of the Kremlin with the stunning Saint Basil's cathedral.
03. THE FASCINATING RED SQUARE
The Red Square is one of the largest squares in the world: one side adjacent to the Kremlin walls and towers and the opposite side framed by the impressive building of the GUM department store. Near the Kremlin's walls, we can see Lenin's mausoleum. At the bottom rises the fantastic silhouette of St. Basil's Cathedral.
04. A SPECTACULAR STORE ON THE RED SQUARE
We will briefly walk inside the GUM department store, a masterpiece of the "Neo-Russian" architectural style. It was opened in 1893 and was the largest department store in the world.
05. ST. BASIL'S CATHEDRAL, A FAIRYTALE MARVEL
The Cathedral of the Intercession of the Most Holy Mother of God on the Moat (the official historical name of the cathedral), known as "St. Basil's Cathedral", was erected between 1555 and 1561 and built on orders of Ivan IV (the "Terrible") to commemorate the victory on the Tatar cities of Kazan and Astrakha. The cathedral was the tallest building in Moscow until its completion.